Constipation occurs when the frequency of bowel movements become diminished. The actual frequency of bowel movements can be different on each person. There is no raw benchmark regarding how many times its normal bowel movements in a day or a week. Some people defecate as much 1-2 times a week.
Then, what are the conditions that generally the cause of constipation?
Poor eating patterns
Lack of fiber, fruits, vegetables and cereals, as well as the lack of fluids can trigger constipation. In addition, changes in eating patterns and eating too much dairy products can also cause constipation. In addition, eating disorders also contribute to the onset of constipation. People who have weight that is not ideal, as too skinny or too fat, could also invite constipation.
About 40 percent of pregnant women experience constipation during pregnancy, especially during the early period of pregnancy. Constipation can be experienced by pregnant women because during pregnancy, the body produces more of the hormone progesterone that effect can relax so that the muscles of the intestines to contract make it difficult. As result, pregnant women difficult to defecate.
Often times the children as well as adults have a reluctance to go to the toilet to defecate, whether for reasons of fear, shame, have no privacy to use the toilet, or a variety of other reasons. However, the delay to defecate when there was insistence to do so, thus risk inviting constipation. In other words, the haste in answering the call of nature.
The influence of drugs
Consumption of certain drugs can also cause side effects in the form of constipation. These drugs can include calcium supplements, iron supplements, anti-epileptic drugs, antidepressants, anti-psychotics, diuretics, drugs as well as drugs pain reliever that can likely are opium, such as codeine and morphine. In addition, the drug to overcome digestive disorders, such as antacid, aluminum can cause constipation as well.
Have Specific health Conditions
In rare cases, the difficulty for bowel movements can be considered the harbinger of the presence of certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome, hyperglycemia or excess calcium in the blood, an under active thyroid gland, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, anal fissure, inflammatory bowel disease, cancer of the colon or rectum, or spinal cord injury.
Bowel difficulties can occur in those who have the problem of psychic, such as stress, anxiety, depression, trauma, violence or sexual abuse.
Causes of constipation can vary for each person. So regarding handling step will depend on the cause and how severe your condition. However, in general the constipation can be addressed by changing lifestyles, such as the following:
- Simply needs white water to prevent dehydration.
- Multiply eating fiber, at least 18-30 grams per day. The fibers can be obtained from fruits, vegetables, and cereals.
- You can eat pain relievers, drugs such as Paracetamol or aspirin when is already inflicting pain or discomfort. However, a child under 16 years of age is not recommended for taking aspirin.
- When defecating on the toilet seat, position the foot on a low stool so that the knee is above the waist. This position makes shit easier out.
- Do more exercise. As simple as walking or running light is sufficient, provided it is done on a regular basis.
- Apply the routine into the toilet bowel movements, such as when and where you're comfortable in the toilet for bowel movements. The implementation of this routine also needs to be done for your child. Help your child to familiarize yourself with this activity and give it praise or appreciation when the child has to do it.
- Don't delay to defecate when feeling and urgent need to do so.
- If constipation occurs in children, give fruit to facilitate defecation, such as strawberries, apples, pears, grapes, or raisins. Fruits can also be given to adults.
If by changing lifestyle has not been successful, the doctor will probably prescribe a laxative drugs for you. For pregnant women who are experiencing constipation, consult in advance to a doctor before taking any medication.